What’s an Apgar Score?
The Apgar Score is the first test given to newborns immediately after delivery. It is typically given one minute after birth and 5 minutes after birth. What does Apgar stand for? Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, and Respiration.
Appearance = skin color: blue-grey or pale = 0 points. Normal except bluish hands and feet = 1 point. Normal all over = 2 points.
Pulse = heart rate: absent = 0. Below 100/minute = 1. Above 100/minute = 2.
Grimace = Reflex irritability: no response = 0 points. Grimace = 1 point. Sneeze, cough, pulls away = 2 points.
Activity= Muscle tone: limp = 0 points. Arms and legs flexed = 1 point. Active movement = 2 points.
Respiration = breathing rate/effort: absent= 1. Slow + irregular = 1 point. Good, crying = 2 points.
10 is a perfect Apgar score.